LBD causes changes in thinking abilities. What are the causes of Lewy body dementia? One indication of whether dietary changes are related to depression is if theyre intentional or not. “For some people, depression is cyclical or seasonal, and they can eventually recover and remit without any specific intervention,” says James Murrough, M.D., Ph.D., Director of the Depression and Anxiety Center for Discovery and Treatment at Mount Sinai. The NIA ADEAR Center offers information and free print publications about Alzheimer’s and related dementias for families, caregivers, and health professionals. Even, sometimes, it influences the development of other health problems. It is important to note that treating insomnia and other sleep problems in people with LBD has not been extensively studied, and that treatments may worsen daytime sleepiness and should be used with caution. After receiving a diagnosis, a person with LBD may benefit from seeing a neurologist who specializes in dementia and/or movement disorders. In major depression, mood and/or interest are decreased for most of two weeks. LBD refers to either of two related diagnoses – dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson’s disease dementia. In Parkinson’s disease dementia, cognitive symptoms develop more than a year after the onset of movement symptoms (for example, tremor or muscle stiffness).
LBD-related movement symptoms may be treated with medications used for Parkinson’s disease, called carbidopa-levodopa. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a disease. No specific lifestyle factor has been proven to increase one’s risk for LBD. Having a family member with LBD also may increase a person’s risk, though LBD is not considered a genetic disease. Some LBD symptoms may respond to treatment for a period of time. The symptoms are experienced most days and last for at least two weeks. The disease lasts an average of five to eight years from the time of diagnosis to death, but can range from two to 20 years for some people. Both diagnoses have the same underlying changes in the brain and, over time, people with either diagnosis develop similar symptoms. Later on, cognitive symptoms of dementia and changes in mood and behavior may arise. At first, movement symptoms, such as a change in handwriting, may be very mild and easily overlooked. Any sudden or major change in functional ability or behavior should be reported to a doctor.
Other known risk factors for LBD include certain diseases and health conditions, particularly Parkinson’s disease and REM sleep behavior disorder, which have been linked to a higher risk of LBD. Changes in behavior and mood are possible in LBD and may worsen as the person’s thinking abilities decline. Other changes related to thinking may include poor judgment, confusion about time and place, and difficulty with language and numbers. It is a progressive disease, meaning symptoms start slowly and worsen over time. While LBD currently cannot be prevented or cured, some symptoms may respond to treatment for a period of time. Nonvisual hallucinations, such as hearing or smelling things that are not present, are less common than visual ones but may also occur. In major depression, feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing are common. Sleep disorders are common in people with LBD, but are often undiagnosed. Several other drugs are being tested as possible treatments for LBD symptoms or to disrupt the underlying disease process. It’s usually diagnosed after the person has had the same symptoms during winter for a couple of years. Sharing experiences and tips with others in the same situation can help people find practical solutions to day-to-day challenges and get emotional and social support.
Generally, depression does not result from a single event, but from a combination of biological, psychological, social and lifestyle factors. Some risk factors can be controlled while others cannot. Can depression go away on its own without treatment? Antidepressants can be used to treat depression and anxiety, which are common in LBD. Therefore, mental health and well-being are interlinked issues that are affected by policies and actions in a range of sectors, including education, health, employment, social inclusion and efforts to tackle poverty. Social deprivation was assessed using the Townsend deprivation index (using participants’ postcodes on joining the study). The study also showed that people with a history of childhood trauma before the age of 7 – including sexual, physical, or emotional abuse – didn’t respond as well to antidepressant treatments. More research is needed to determine how the factors identified in this study might contribute to depression. These include death or loss, abuse, other traumatic events, certain medications, genetics, substance abuse, and more. Scientists hope that new knowledge about LBD will one day lead to more effective treatments and even ways to cure and prevent the disorder. Research is improving our understanding of this challenging condition, and advances in science may one day lead to better diagnosis, improved care, and new treatments.